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Geography

The Ajara coastline is 54 km long. The following resorts and resort places are situated alongside the coast: Pichvnari, Kobuleti, Bobokvati, Chakvi, Tsikhisdziri, Mtsvane Kontskhi (Green Cape), Makhindjauri, Batumi, Gonio, Kvariati and Sarpi. Ajara, likewise the whole Georgia, is rich in natural - medicinal resources. 62 types of mineral waters can be found here: Kokotauri, Zvare,Ushamba, Merisi, Boghauri, etc.

Ajara Autonomous Republic is situated on the South-Western Black Sea littoral of Georgia. Its southern border coincides with the Turkish-Georgian frontier and goes along the Shavsheti Range; from the north it is bordered by Meskheti Range; from the east – by Arsiani Range, from the west – by the Black Sea. The area comprises 2,9 thousand sq.km that constitutes 4,2 % of the whole territory of Georgia.

The population of Ajara is 411 thousand. More than 137 thousand people live in Batumi - the administrative centre of Ajara.

Ajara comprises five administrative regions: the regions of Kobuleti, Khelvachauri, Keda, Shuakhevi and Khulo.

Ajara is one of the most beautiful parts of Georgia. It is a wonderland stretched along the coastline, naturally combining picturesque sea and mountain views. Visitors have often been fascinated by this peculiar proximity of the sea and the mountains. Meskheti, Arsiani and Shavsheti Ranges create a very interesting geographic relief of this part of the country. Their average height is 2000-2500 m above sea level.

The highest peak in Ajara is Mount Kanli (3007 m above sea –level) in Arsiani Range. The beautiful Goderdzi Pass (2027m above sea-level) fascinates visitors by its silent charm. Adjara is divided into mountainous and coastal zones by the Kobuleti-Chakvi Range. Diverse climatic zones in Ajara still preserve the primeval style of nature which greatly impresses the visitor.

The Chorokhi and Acharistskali Valleys represent extraordinary exquisite scenery. Their water-abundant tributaries are surrounded by splendid forests representing unique endemic species in their flora and fauna. All the rivers in Ajara belong to the Black Sea basin.

Only the river Kvabliani is an exception - it belongs to the Caspian Sea basin.

The River Chorokhi, which is 438 km long, takes its source in Turkey. It flows along Georgian territory for 26 km into the Black Sea. One of its tributaries is Acharistskali, the longest river in Adjara. The beauties of Ajarian nature are the rivers Choloki, Kintrishi, Chakvistskali, Korolistskali, Machakhela, Chvanistskali, Chirukhistskali, Skhalta, etc.

There are 3 protected areas in Adjara, making up to 15% of its territory. They have been established to preserve unique ecosystems of temperate rainforest and coastal wetlands/peatlands. Along with the nature protection, they serve as a major attraction for tourists.

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September 2014
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